Mevlana was born on September 30, 1207 in the city of Balkh in Khorasan, which is located in the borders of today's Afghanistan. His father, notables of the city, was son of Hüseyin Hatibî Bahaeddin Veled and also was known as “Sultan of Scholars” in Balkh. Her mother was Mümine Hatun, the daughter of Belh Emir Rükneddin.
Mevlana’s real name is Muhammed Celaleddin. The names of Mevlana and Rumi were given to him later. The name Mevlana, meaning “master”, was given when he started teaching in Konya in a very young age. Besides, it was used by Semseddin-i Tebrizi and Sultan Veled.
The name Rumi given to Mevlana means Anatolia. Mevlana is known as Rumi, he lived in Konya the province of the Anatolian country called Diyar-ı Rum in the past centuries, he spent most of his life there and his tomb was also there.
Mevlana was married to Gevher Hatun from Samarkand by his father in Karaman when he was only 18 years old and had two sons from his marriage. His first son is Sultan Veled and second son is Alaeddin. Unfortunately, Alaeddin passed away in 1262. After the death of his first wife, Mevlana married Kerra Hatun in Konya. Muzafferüddin Alim Çelebi and Melike Hatun were born from this marriage.
Mevlana met with Sems-i Tebrizi on November 1244. Mevlana saw “The existence of absolute perfection” and “The lights of God'' in Sems. However their togetherness didn’t last long. When Sems died with an unknown cause, Mevlana lived in seclusion for several years.
Mevlana acknowledged his day of death as natal day. It means that When he died, he would meet his beloved, that is, God. Therefore, Mevlana said "Seb-i Arûs", which means wedding day or bridal night, to the day of death and bequeathed to his friends not to cry after his death.
Mevlana's quote, "Do not look for our graves on the ground after our death! Our grave is in the hearts of the ancestors" is a very meaningful phrase that summarizes his set of mind.
Mevlana, who summarized his life with the words "I was raw, cooked, burned", passed away on Sunday, December 17, 1273.
Every year, the ceremonies held in the weeks corresponding to December 17, the anniversary of the death of Mevlana and called the Vuslat Anniversary International Commemoration Ceremonies, are known as "Seb-i Arus" among the public. And in the perspective of Mevlana, the celebrations of the believer’s attainment of his Creator are held with Seb-i Arus ceremonies.
September 30, 1207 the birth year of Mevlana, United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) declared in 2007 which is the 800th birthday of Mevlana, as the "Year of Mevlana".
Mevlana Celaleddin-i Rumi left many precious works, all of which are valuable from each other.
Mevlana, who has the philosophy of "The Most Valuable of Creations is Human" and a deep human love, has been the symbol of beauty, brotherhood and peace for centuries.
We would like to share 7 quotes of guidance from Mevlana, on which volumes of books will be written on each of them, with the hope that the chaos, war and tears in the geography we live in will end as soon as possible. We wish all of us to be more tolerant individuals who are fair and care about equality.
Mevlana’s Seven Guidance
1. In generosity and helping others be like a river
2. In compassion and grace be like the sun
3. In concealing others’ faults be like the night
4. In anger and fury be like a dead
5. In humility and modesty be like the earth
6. In tolerance be like the sea
7. Either look as you are or be as you look