World Diabetes Day Symposium
On 16Th November, Monday, the “II. World Diabetes Day Symposium” was organized that celebrated by the International Diabetes Federation since 1991, on the 14thNovembers. The event which has been organized jointly by Biruni University Brain Research Society, Rare Diseases Society, and Molecular Biology and Genetics Society, was held in the Reyhan Building conference hall. “
"Nurses Make a Difference"
World Diabetes Day Symposium started with the opening speech of Health Sciences Faculty Dean Prof. Dr. Nezihe KIZILKAYA BEJI. She stated that this year's International Diabetes Federation's 14 November Diabetes Day theme is "Nurses make a difference" which is used all over the World and BEJİ said: "The purpose of choosing this theme is to increase the awareness of the society that nurses have an important role in the care and education of individuals with diabetes".
Besides, noting that at least 7 million people have diabetes in Turkey, said the increase in the degree of outbreak of this disease.
Diabetes from the Biochemist's Perspective
Faculty of Medicine Faculty Member Prof. Dr. Ahmet BELCE gave information about diabetes through the eyes of a biochemist and stated that diabetes is caused by the destruction of the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. Also, in his speech BELCE said: “ Type 1 diabetes is more common in young patients and Type 2 diabetes is more common in individuals over the age of 40. The measurement made to keep diabetes under control along with the average blood sugar level is called hba1c glycolyzed hemoglobin and as a result of this test, diabetes is diagnosed according to the interpretation of the blood analysis. Symptoms of diabetes can be identified as the smell of acetone or rotten fruit of the breath, the healing of wounds later than normal, weakness and fatigue, rapid and involuntary weight loss, frequent urination, very thirst, blurred vision, numbness and tingling in the feet. Diabetes is a devastating disease that can affect all tissues and organs in the body. Major damage is on the vascular system. By affecting small vessels, diseases in the eye, kidney and nervous system cause heart and vascular diseases by destroying large vessels.
History of the Diabetics
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences Faculty member Prof.Nezih HEKİM mentioned from the history of diabetes and said, first dedicator doctor of diabetes was Hesy-Ra in 1550 BC. In diabetic patients, excessive water drinking and excessive urination are symptoms seen in all populations. Patients should have felt the need to go to the physician and consult the doctor in the face of their urine flowing like water in a way they were not used to before. Hesy-Ra, who lived in 1550 BC, wrote the symptoms of patients who came with these symptoms on a papyrus and helped to come to this day as the first document on diabetes. The scientific name of diabetes, diabetes mellitus, was used by Arateus, a Roman physician who lived in Cappadocia in the 1st century AC, and it means “passing away” in Greek.
In medieval europe,due to sugar in urin of patient,the disease called mellitus in meaning honey sugar that Thomas Willis specifies by drinking the urin of the diabetes patients and named this disease for the first time “Diabetes Mellitus”.
Medical Nutrition Therapy
Faculty of Health Sciences Faculty Member Assoc. Prof. Meltem SOYLU pointed out the importance of “Medical Nutrition Therapy” for diabetic patients and said that it should be a part of the treatment during the disease. She stated that it was not possible to maintain metabolic control with other treatment methods without enough medical nutrition treatment. Dr. Soylu said, “In some type 2 diabetic patients, blood sugar levels can be adjusted only by applying Medical Nutrition Therapy. Medical Nutrition Treatment should be prepared individually in line with the needs of the patient, and the nutrition program should be organized for the diabetic person and nutrition training should be provided.
The Role of the Nurse in Diabetes Management
Drawing attention to the fact that diabetes is an increasingly important health problem all over the world due to the prevalence and problems it causes, Faculty of Health Sciences Assist. Prof. Faculty member Anita KARACA, "With the rapid change in lifestyle, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes is rapidly increasing in all developed and developing societies. The purpose of diabetes management is to maintain optimal glycemic control, prevent complications and improve the quality of life. Nurses have important roles in the care and education of diabetic patients. "Diabetes nurses, who train patients in foot care and insulin applications, play a great role in controlling diabetes without organ damage."